Lincolnshire Buff Standard





A dual purpose utility breed found mainly in its native Lincolnshire. During the 19th and early 20th Century, it was supplied in vast numbers to the London markets as a white fleshed table bird and was widely sold as a good winter layer. Standardisation of the Buff Orpington, which many at the time considered a refined Lincolnshire Buff, lead to its demise in name by the 1920’s, although its genetic material still lived on in the Oprington, albeit in a much modified form. In the 1980’s, the breed was redeveloped in Lincolnshire using this genetic material, with the addition of that of the Cochin and Dorking.



CARRIAGE: Alert, upright, with bold appearance.

TYPE: Body large, deep amd moderately long. Back broad, saddle feathers medium length and abundant. Breast broad with well rounded keel bone, long and straight. Wings moderately large and carried horizontally. Tail medium size and carried well out with well curved sickles.

HEAD: Head strong. Beak stout. Eyes large and bright. Comb to be single, upright and straight, medium size, free from side sprigs, smooth and fine in texture with five or six evenly serrated spikes. Face smooth. Wattles medium size, rounded, and of fine texture. Ear lobes fine in texture.

NECK: Medium length with full hackle.

LEGS AND FEET: Free from any feather. Legs set well apart, thighs large and medium length. Toes five, the three front toes to be large, round, long and straight but well spread. The fourth toe should be as near as possible to that of a four toed bird, with the fifth toe quite separate, placed above, curving backwards and upwards.

PLUMAGE: Close and free from unnecessary fluff. Feathers broad.


The general characteristics are similiar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.


MALE PLUMAGE: Back, neck and saddle hackles a rich orange, wing bow coverts copper, wing bar coverts chestnut. A degree of umber on some main wing feathers and axials. Tails, side hangers bronze to copper, main feathers and sickles bronze to copper, shading into umber. Remainder of plumage ginger buff to the skin.

FEMALE PLUMAGE: Back, neck, wings, saddle and tail ginger buff. A small degree or no umber on some main wing feathers and axials. Neck hackle with sheen. Tail with darker shading up to umber at the end. Remainder of plumage a lighter shade of ginger buff to the skin.

IN BOTH SEXES: Beak white to horn. Eyes bright orange. Comb, face, lobes and wattles bright red. Legs and feet white sometimes with horn shading on the front scales and in males in breeding condition, a line of reddish pigment down the outer sides of the shanks.

DEFECTS: Mealiness in surface colour. Grey under colour. White in plumage, face or lobes. Lopped or beefy comb. Visible umber in the closed wing. Excess fluff.

DISQUALIFICATIONS: Any deformity. Absence of fifth toe. Leg colour other than as described. Any feathers on legs. Any green-black in plumage.


 Type  20
 Colour  20
 Size  20
 Head  10
 Feet/Legs and 5th toe  10
 Dual purpose utility qualities  10
 Condition  10
 TOTAL  100


WEIGHTS – Large Fowl

Cock 4.00 – 5.00kg (9-11lb) Cockerel 3.10 – 4.00kg (7-9lb)

Hen 3.10 – 4.00kg (7-9lb) Pullet 2.90 – 3.60kg (6-8lb)

Weights – Minature Fowl

Cock 1-1.3kg (40oz) Cockerel 0.980kg (34oz)

Hen 0.980kg (34oz) Pullet 0.850kg (30oz)